Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is the most feared type of diabetes. The type 1 diabetes occurs because our pancreas doesn’t produce insulin or produces it in very little quantities. Since insulin helps our body to use and absorb nutrients our body needs from food and to build up proteins and even store fat, without it our blood sugar levels go up. Since this is a serious condition, in most cases fatal if not treated, type 1 diabetes mellitus requires constant treatment with insulin.
Definition of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus according to Wikipedia: “Diabetes mellitus type 1 (Type 1 diabetes, IDDM, or juvenile diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), polyphagia (increased hunger), and weight loss result.”
As you can see above the common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus are frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger and in most cases significant weight loss. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus usually occurs at a young age, but it can develop at any time. It is a gene predisposition which enables this disease, but it can be triggered by outside sources.
In most cases the Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus develops as a result of our body’s autoimmune response, which is when our immune system destroys the cells which produce insulin in our pancreas. This process can last a few months or even years, and the symptoms mentioned above are usually seen when over 90% of the cells have been destroyed.
The Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus can develop if a person has a family history of Diabetes but it can develop without anyone having Type 1 Diabetes in your family. It can also be triggered by outside sources that cause the drop of our immune system and start the autoimmune response. But if anyone in your family has Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus you should check yourself and watch for the signs, as people with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in the family have higher chances of developing it themselves.
Once you have been diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus you will undergo constant treatment in which you will receive insulin for the rest of your life. Depending on various factors like your weight, sugar levels and time of reaction you may receive larger or smaller quantities of insulin daily. Also, depending on those factors you may receive one of several types of insulin available.