Tag Archives: type 1 diabetes mellitus

Diabetes Explained: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus is the most feared type of diabetes. The type 1 diabetes occurs because our pancreas doesn’t produce insulin or produces it in very little quantities. Since insulin helps our body to use and absorb nutrients our body needs from food and to build up proteins and even store fat, without it our blood sugar levels go up. Since this is a serious condition, in most cases fatal if not treated, type 1 diabetes mellitus requires constant treatment with insulin.

type 1 diabetes mellitusDefinition of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus according to Wikipedia: “Diabetes mellitus type 1 (Type 1 diabetes, IDDM, or juvenile diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), polyphagia (increased hunger), and weight loss result.”

As you can see above the common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus are frequent urination, increased thirst and increased hunger and in most cases significant weight loss. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus usually occurs at a young age, but it can develop at any time. It is a gene predisposition which enables this disease, but it can be triggered by outside sources.

In most cases the Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus develops as a result of our body’s autoimmune response, which is when our immune system destroys the cells which produce insulin in our pancreas. This process can last a few months or even years, and the symptoms mentioned above are usually seen when over 90% of the cells have been destroyed.

The Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus can develop if a person has a family history of Diabetes but it can develop without anyone having Type 1 Diabetes in your family. It can also be triggered by outside sources that cause the drop of our immune system and start the autoimmune response. But if anyone in your family has Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus you should check yourself and watch for the signs, as people with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in the family have higher chances of developing it themselves.

Once you have been diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus you will undergo constant treatment in which you will receive insulin for the rest of your life. Depending on various factors like your weight, sugar levels and time of reaction you may receive larger or smaller quantities of insulin daily. Also, depending on those factors you may receive one of several types of insulin available.

Rate this post

Diabetes Explained: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is the most widespread type of Diabetes on the planet. Millions of people across the globe are affected by Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and at least 30% of them are not aware of that yet. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is diagnosed when the body doesn’t produce sufficient quantities of insulin or our cells ignore and reject the insulin. Our body runs on glucose, which is broken down from starches and sugars. When glucose goes into our blood and builds up there instead of going to our cells that leads to Diabetes complications.

type 2 diabetes mellitusDefinition of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Wikipedia: “Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes – is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Diabetes is often initially managed by increasing exercise and dietary modification. As the condition progresses, medications may be needed.”

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is caused by genetic factors and environmental factors. People with family members that have Type 2 Diabetes are more likely to suffer from the same condition. Not just diabetes, but other medical issues as well, like high blood pressure, obesity or high cholesterol levels. Certain ethnic groups have higher chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; African, Asian and Hispanic are more likely to develop this condition. What we eat and how active we are as well as genetic causes are all part of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus are the same as with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Once diagnosed you need to be treated or Diabetes can lead to other complications that will endanger your health. In most cases you will not have to take insulin like with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, but you will need to take certain medication and monitor your blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels. Regular activity and prescribed diet should keep your Type 2 Diabetes in check.

Rate this post

Diabetes Explained: Gestational Diabetes

Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes found only in pregnant women. Around 4% of pregnant women will develop this type of Diabetes during their pregnancy, which doesn’t necessarily mean that they will have diabetes after giving birth to their child. Unlike Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Gestational Diabetes carries a great risk for the baby.

Gestational DiabetesGestational Diabetes according to Wikipedia: “Gestational diabetes (or gestational diabetes mellitus, GDM) is a condition in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes exhibit high blood glucose levels during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes generally has few symptoms and it is most commonly diagnosed by screening during pregnancy. Diagnostic tests detect inappropriately high levels of glucose in blood samples. Gestational diabetes affects 3-10% of pregnancies, depending on the population studied. No specific cause has been identified, but it is believed that the hormones produced during pregnancy increase a woman’s resistance to insulin, resulting in impaired glucose tolerance. “

Causes of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus are not quite known, but due to hormonal changes during the pregnancy your body has a hard time keeping up with the needs and the production of insulin. In the end the woman’s body doesn’t get enough energy from the intake of food.

The symptoms are exactly like with Type1 Diabetes Mellitus and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. What causes the biggest issue with this type of diabetes is the risk for the baby. If Gestational Diabetes is caught in time there shouldn’t be a great risk, but if left unchecked it can cause the following issues:

–    Baby can have a low blood glucose right after being born
–    Baby can also have breathing problems
–    Can have extra fat

To make sure that your baby is ok the doctors will run immediate tests like ultrasound, special stress tests and kick counts. The issue here is that both mother and child are at risk of having Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus for the rest of their lives.

In some cases the symptoms of Gestational Diabetes will not show but nevertheless they may cause increased risk of high blood pressure, possibility of giving birth to a large baby which would require a Cesarean section.

On the bright side in most cases Gestational Diabetes disappears after giving birth. But if you are not careful later you are at high risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. You may also develop Gestational Diabetes if you get pregnant again.

Treatment is based on the seriousness of your condition. In some cases insulin may be needed, but in most cases a prescribed diet and regular activity will help you overcome this condition.

Rate this post