Diabetes Mellitus popularly knows as Diabetes is a chronic and a progressive illness where the body doesn’t use the insulin effectively or doesn’t create a sufficient amount of insulin. Diabetes is a serious illness that takes more than 3 million lives each year; according to the latest statistics over 170 million people are affected by Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is a very serious illness obviously and if not treated properly it can become a life threatening condition, in order to deal with diabetes you have to learn the symptoms, what are the causes of diabetes and prevention and treatment options available.
Definition of diabetes according to Wikipedia: “Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes—is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).”
Our body needs insulin, a hormone which is produced by the pancreas and is used to move (transport) energy in the form of glucose from the food we consume into our cells. Insulin is a requirement for us, and based on the type of Diabetes there are different methods to treat diabetes and of course different symptoms caused by Diabetes Mellitus. The basic types of Diabetes Mellitus are:
- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus – this type of Diabetes is when our body has difficulties producing sufficient amounts of insulin and as such it is required that we intake insulin on a regular level
- Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus – This type of Diabetes is when our cells fail to use insulin in the proper way and thus fail to provide the body with sufficient energy levels
- Gestational Diabetes – Is found strictly with pregnant women who never before had Diabetes but have high blood glucose levels showing during their pregnancy, it can develop into Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
- There are also other rare types of Diabetes Mellitus to worry about – Congenital Diabetes that causes insulin secretion defects on a genetic level, Cystic Fibrosis Diabetes, Steroid Diabetes and different forms of Monogenic Diabetes.
All of these forms of Diabetes Mellitus are treated thanks to discovery of Insulin, early diagnosis and proper treatment are the key factors in living a normal life when you are diagnosed with any type of Diabetes.