Diabetes Explained: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is the most widespread type of Diabetes on the planet. Millions of people across the globe are affected by Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and at least 30% of them are not aware of that yet. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is diagnosed when the body doesn’t produce sufficient quantities of insulin or our cells ignore and reject the insulin. Our body runs on glucose, which is broken down from starches and sugars. When glucose goes into our blood and builds up there instead of going to our cells that leads to Diabetes complications.

type 2 diabetes mellitusDefinition of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus by Wikipedia: “Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes – is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. Diabetes is often initially managed by increasing exercise and dietary modification. As the condition progresses, medications may be needed.”

Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is caused by genetic factors and environmental factors. People with family members that have Type 2 Diabetes are more likely to suffer from the same condition. Not just diabetes, but other medical issues as well, like high blood pressure, obesity or high cholesterol levels. Certain ethnic groups have higher chances of developing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus; African, Asian and Hispanic are more likely to develop this condition. What we eat and how active we are as well as genetic causes are all part of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus are the same as with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Once diagnosed you need to be treated or Diabetes can lead to other complications that will endanger your health. In most cases you will not have to take insulin like with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, but you will need to take certain medication and monitor your blood sugar levels and cholesterol levels. Regular activity and prescribed diet should keep your Type 2 Diabetes in check.

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