Diabetes is the most widespread diseases in the world, in the US alone there are over 24 million people, both adults and children, suffering from a form of Diabetes Mellitus. That is almost 8% of the total US population, in other words, every 12th person in the US has a form of Diabetes Mellitus.
Maybe the even more frightening is when we present the numbers in this way; there are 18 million diagnosed people with Diabetes and almost 6 million undiagnosed people with Diabetes. And almost 60 million, yes, 60 million people are in a pre-diabetes state!
Although some types of diabetes are known to form in the early age in pre teen years and early adulthood so far people under the age of 20 have the least percentage of diabetes. One out of 400 kids in the age group between 12 and 19 has diabetes and over 2 millions kids in this group have pre-diabetes.
When we go pass 20 things start to get really heavy as people between 20 and 60 years old are in real danger of diabetes, in fact there are more than 23 million people in this age group with a form of diabetes which makes more than 10% of the US population. There is not a big difference when we compare men and women; there are about 12 million men with diabetes while there are about 11.5 million women.
But there is a slight difference when we compare the age group of above 20 years according to ethnicity. Around 6.6% of Caucasians have diabetes, 7.5% of Asians have diabetes and the highest percentage of people with diabetes is Hispanic with 10.4% and African Americans with 11.8%.
As the largest spread disease in the world it is no wonder that diabetes mellitus is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States. There are many complications with our health that can start with diabetes. Almost 70% of people over 65 years of age with diabetes had a heart disease and 16% of them had a stroke. If we compare heart disease rates among people with diabetes and people without diabetes we can see that there are 3 times more heart disease deaths with people who have diabetes, the same goes for strokes.
Other complications that are very common with people who have diabetes include high blood pressure; in fact 3 out of 4 people with diabetes has high blood pressure. Not just that, diabetes is the number one leading cause of blindness in the world. It can also cause various kidney diseases and kidney failure and even neuropathy with mild or severe damage to the nervous system.
Most people fear being amputated, which is unfortunately an often the case with people who have diabetes. Over 60% of non-traumatic lower limb amputations are performed on people with diabetes.
You can clearly see that diabetes is a major health issue in the US and round the world. The statistics here are very clear, so you can imagine the issue here. One of the concerns that follows with such a number of people who have diabetes is the cost of medical treatment. Research conducted in 2007 showed that if it weren’t for diabetes the medical costs in the US would be 2.3 times smaller, which are amazingly high numbers.